There are 3 types of diabetes :
gestational-where 4% of pregnant woman suffer from diabetes complicating things for mom and baby
type 1 -which has an onset early in life
type 2 - which makes up approximately 90% of all diabetes and usually occurs later on in life although unfortunately seen on the rise in youth as well
Insulin created in the pancreas keeps blood sugar levels down. Diabetics either don't respond properly to it or produce enough insulin. When the blood sugar gets too high over time it affects body tissues.
Diabetes affects over 3 million Canadians.
Symptoms are often increased thirst, hunger and urination, infections that don't heal, frequent infections, unusual tiredness.
People with a sedentary lifestyle, smokers, and people that are obese are at a far higher risk of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Ethnicity may also play a role.
There can be many complications with diabetes, however healthcare has come a long way allowing people with the disease to live full lives.